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WAEC 2017: 100% VERIFIED ECONOMICS OBJ & THEORY ANSWERS
WAEC April 23, 2017 • 4 years ago • One Comment

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1-10: BABBCBABBB
11-20: CCBBAABABA
41-50: BCCACCBBBC

Que 1
Tabule form
Price:-450 ,500
Weekly sales:- 800, 600
Ai
% change in demand= (800-600)*100
———-
800
=200/800*100%
=25%
%change in price=500-450*100%
——————
450
=50/450*100%
=11.11%
% elasiticy of demand =%change in demand /% change in price
=25%/11.11%
=2.25%
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2a)
Qd = 30 – P
Qs = 15 + 2 P
Demand and Supply schedule for the market :
Price ( \$ ) : 2 ,4 ,7
Qd : 28 ,26 ,23
Qs : 19 , 23 , 29
Qd = 30 – P when P = 2
Qd = 30 – 2 = 28
Qd = 30 – P when P = 4
Qd = 30 – 4 = 26
Qd = 30 – P when P = 7
Qd = 30 – 7 = 23
tabulate again
supply schedule
Price ( \$ ) : 2 ,4 ,7
Qd : 28 ,26 ,23
Qs : 19 , 23 , 29
Qs = 15 + 2 P when P = 2
Qs = 15 + 2 ( 2 )
= 15 + 4 = 19
Qs = 15 + 2 P when P = 4
Qs = 15 + 2 ( 4 )
= 15 + 8 = 23
Qs = 15 + 2 P when P = 7
Qs = 15 + 2 ( 7 )
= 15 + 14 = 29
2bi)
Equilibrium quantity
Qd = 30 – P
Qd = 30 – 5
Qd = 25
2bii)
At P =\$ 3
Qd =30 – p
Qd =30 – 3
Qs =15 + 2 p
= 15 + 2 ( 3 )
= 15 + 6
= 21 apples
excess demand = 27 -21
= 6 apples
2ci)
Tabulate
Qd =40 – p
Price ( \$ ) : 2 ,4 ,7
Qd : 38 ,36 ,33
2 cii )
i ) it represent an increase in demand
2 ciii)
i ) the two schedules show that there is a corresponding increase in demand for apples for ten ( 10 ) at each price
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3a Land:
It refers to all natural resources which are free gifts of nature. Land, therefore, includes all gifts of nature available to mankind—both on the surface and under the surface
3b.
ii. Fixed Quantity:
iii. Land is Permanent:
iv. Land is a Primary Factor of Production:
v. Land is a Passive Factor of Production: …
vi. Land is Immovable: …
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4a)
subsistence farming can be defined as the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production if food for the farmer and family only
4b)
crop farming can be defined as an agriculture which deal with crop cash production e. G cocoa, cashew, cowoea.
WHILE livestock farming can be defined as the rearing of domestic animals e. G pig, fish etc
4c
i. Credit facilities
ii. Extension of workers
iv. provision of social ameninites
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6a)
Inflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising and, consequently, the purchasing power of currency is falling. Central banks attempt to limit inflation, and avoid deflation, in order to keep the economy running smoothly.
6bi)
i) CONSUMPTION –
If there is a quick increase in consumption and investment along with an extremely confident businesses, then there will be a rise in Aggregate Demand.
ii) EXCHANGE RATE –
A depreciation of the exchange rate increases the price of imports and reduces the price of a country’s exports. Consumers will buy fewer imports, while exports grow. There will be a rise in Aggregate Demand.
iii) GOVERNMENT SPENDING –
An vast increase in government spending will drive up Aggregate Demand.
iv) EXPECTATIONS –
The expectation that inflation will rise often leads to a rise in inflation. Workers and firms will increase their prices to ‘catch up’ to inflation.
v) MONETARY GROWTH –
There is excessive monetary growth – when they is too much money in the system chasing too few goods. The ‘price’ of a good will thus increase.
6bii)
i) SUPPLY SHOCK –
When there is a big increase in prices of critical commodities like oil. This results in higher transport costs and all firms would see a rise in costs.
ii) HIGHER WAGES –
Wages form a large percentage of costs for firms. Strong labor unions can influence inflation as they push for higher wages, which will leads to an increase in costs of production for the firm and hence higher priced goods.
iii) IMPORTED INFLATION –
A devaluation of the currency would result in higher prices of imported goods.
iv) HIGHER TAXES –
An increase in indirect taxation. Higher VAT and Excise duties will increase the prices of goods.
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7a) Economic development can be defined as efforts that seek to improve the economic well-being and quality of life for a community
7b) -dependency on agricultural sector
-illiteracy
-production for self-consumption
7c)
-Currency Strength
The value of the U.S. dollar compared to other foreign currencies such as the yuan, yen and the pound is important even for companies that do not import or export goods. Consumers have a choice to purchase goods or services originating in the United States or in other countries. If the U.S. dollar strengthens, companies in the industry that purchase inputs from other countries are able to be more competitive in pricing. In industries that are heavily reliant on foreign raw materials and processing, such as the clothing industry, the entire sector can be lifted or depressed with a strengthening or weakening of the dollar.
-Government Intervention
Many industries are regulated by the government in one form or another. Government agencies such as the –Environmental Protection Agency, the Food & Drug Administration or the U.S. Department of Agriculture maintain standards that all operators in an industry must follow for the safety of consumers, employees, or natural resources. Some industries are more heavily regulated than others and new laws and rules can shake up an entire industry and depress growth. For example, new child toy safety laws implemented under the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act in 2009 threatened to wipe out many small toy producers as the requirements to test and certify the toys were cost-prohibitive to all but large toy manufacturers. Proposed changes to the Act may help alleviate the burden on small manufacturers and resellers.
-Environmental Impact
Economic growth in an industry can be impacted not only by the environmental effect the products or services have but also by consumers’ perceptions of that impact. For example, the market for fur apparel declined drastically over the course of a few years in the 1990s when consumers perceived that raising and killing small animals for their fur was both inhumane and a poor use of land. Although the industry is once again picking up with international demand, the number of fur farmers in the country has substantially declined. If the public views an industry’s products or services as being harmful or unsafe, most companies within the sector can experience a marked decline in sales quickly.
-Overall Economic Health
The economic state of the country
confidence can also spur growth and development or harm it. In recessionary times, consumers begin limiting their purchases to the essentials, foregoing luxury or big-ticket items. Companies also scale back production, hiring and the development of new products and services to ensure that their finances can weather the storm. In periods of overall economic growth, these companies once again expand.
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8ai)- Increased exports.
-Make use of surplus raw materials.
8aii) -Restrictions on immigration
– cross-border investment are abolished.
8b) A common market, or single market, have advantages including consumers have more choice and lower prices.
Disadvantages of the common market include that monopolies may be formed.

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