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WAEC 2017: 100% VERIFIED FOOD AND NUT QUESTIONS & ANSWERS NOW AVAILABLE HERE
WAEC March 28, 2017 • 4 years ago • No Comment Yet

100% VERIFIED FOOD & NUTRITION OBJECTIVE ANSWERS

1-10: A D A D A D B C B B
11-20: A D C A C B A B A A
21-30: C C A A B A C B B D
31-40: D B C D C B D C D C
41-50: D C D D D D B B B D
51-60: C B A A D A B D A B

100% VERIFIED FOOD & NUTRITION THEORY ANSWERS

1a)
Legumes:
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for their grain seed called pulse, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure.
1b)
i) Dry beans ( Phaseolus spp. including several species now in Vigna ) :
E.g
— Kidney bean , navy bean , pinto bean , haricot bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris)
— Lima bean , butter bean ( Phaseolus lunatus )
ii)Dry broad beans ( Vicia faba ) :
E.g
— Horse bean ( Vicia faba equina )
— Broad bean ( Vicia faba )
1c)
i)Protein:The protein in legumes and meat provides amino acids your body needs to build and maintain muscle, keep your immune system healthy and promote the synthesis of hormones and enzymes.
ii) Fat:Although dietary fat is necessary for optimal health, eating too much or the wrong kinds of fat can lead to poor nutritional status and increase your risk of disease.
iii) Iron:You can obtain iron from both plant foods and meat. The iron in animal-based foods exists in a form called heme iron.
iv) Fiber:Unlike meat, legumes offer dietary fiber, which not only helps prevent digestive issues such as constipation but also assists in regulating blood cholesterol.
1d
i) baked beans
ii) Balila
iii) Soya milk
iv) Pea butter
=========================
2(a)
1. Long term storage of fresh produce (12 months
+) without needing a refrigerator or freezer.
2. Environmentally friendly – using seasonally
grown and locally sourced fresh produce, re-use
preserving jars, reducing food packaging and
reducing food miles.
3. Save money by buying in bulk and seasonally.
4. Flavour! Home canned food won’t contain
artificial preservatives, BPA or other artificial
ingredients.
5. Convenience – ready to serve in minutes.
6. Community involvement – both the canning
process and sharing with family, friends and
neighbours. Teach skills to the next generation.
7. Gifts – nothing beats a homemade jam for a
present
8. Prepare for emergencies and/or illness.
9. Personal satisfaction. We love creating new
flavour combinations that you cannot buy in your
local store – and showing how to use canned food
in cooking dishes
2C)
1) Prevention or delay of microbial decomposition
– By keeping out microorganisms (asepsis)
– By removal of microorganisms
– By hindering the growth and activity of
microorganisms (e.g. by low temperatures, drying,
anaerobic conditions, or chemicals)
– By killing the microorganisms (e.g. by heat or
radiation)
2) Prevention or delay of self decomposition of the
food
– By destruction or inactivation of food enzymes
(by blanching)
– By prevention or delay of chemical reactions (By
using antioxidant)
======================
4bi) protein are essential for the nutrient of the body because they are building blocks of the body tissue and can also server as a fuel, it is mostly needed for human growth
4bii) protein is a nutrient found in food (meat, beans, milk) that is made up of many amino acids. it ts necessary part of diet for human growth
==========================
5ai)Recipe is a set of instructions for preparing a
particular dish, including a list of the ingredients
required.
5aii)
i) List of Ingredients
ii) Amount of the Ingredients
5b)
I) Include a variety of foods from the major food
groups:A balanced diet requires eating a variety of
fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy
products, and lean protein (this includes beans and
other legumes, nuts and seeds).
ii) Use a variety of ingredients, flavors and
textures:Since calories, nutrients and fiber content
of foods in the same food group can differ
dramatically, good nutrition depends on getting a
variety of different foods from within the food
groups.
iii)Take proper portion sizes into account:When
people are faced with overly large portions, they
tend to overeat. Check the packages of foods
you’re preparing to about serving sizes and follow
the guidelines. Unless you intend to make a lot of
food so that there will be leftovers, try to follow
basic serving size guidelines.
5c)
i)black eye beans
ii) vegetable oil
==========================
6a)
i) the nutrient in vegetable are vital for health and
maintenance of the body
ii) eating vegetables reduce the raise for stroke,
cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
iii) it is important as source of nutrients, including
potassium dietary, fiber, folate, vitamin-A and
vitamin-C
COMPLETED

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